Download A concise grammar of Polish by Oscar Swan PDF

By Oscar Swan

ISBN-10: 0819130176

ISBN-13: 9780819130174

ISBN-10: 0819130184

ISBN-13: 9780819130181

A Concise Grammar of Polish is meant to be used as a supplementary reference textual content at the starting and intermediate degrees of Polish language research. it's also appropriate to be used because the fundamental textual content in a direction on Polish morphology (although workouts would have to be supplied via the instructor).
Phonological and morphological methods are given specific therapy and representation all through. Sections on declension and conjugation goal at a whole description of all commonplace and so much abnormal phenomena. Descriptions of kinds are liberally supplemented with comments referring to derivation, utilization, and modifications among Polish and English.

Show description

Read or Download A concise grammar of Polish PDF

Similar foreign languages books

Sentential Form and Prosodic Structure of Catalan

This monograph offers an experimental and theoretical inquiry into the function of sentential shape and edition within the prosodic constitution of Catalan. The empirical part examines intonational phraseology throughout sentence varieties, together with SVO buildings with both nominal or sentential items and constructions concerning clitic left- and right-dislocations.

Continuing With Russian

Carrying on with with Russian is an intermediate-advanced textbook for college kids who've been via a full-sized basic textual content and feature been uncovered to the extra uncomplicated morphological styles and a first-year vocabulary. additionally, the amount and variety of grammatical details contained in its twenty-five classes, the great Russian and English note references within the normal Vocabulary, and the Index may still make it a superb reference booklet in the course of and lengthy after any Russian path during which it's used.

Coarticulation and Sound Change in Romance

This quantity could be of significant curiosity to phoneticians, phonologists, and either ancient and cognitive linguists. utilizing info from the Romance languages for the main half, the booklet explores the phonetic motivation of a number of sound adjustments, e. g. , waft insertions and elisions, vowel and consonant insertions, elisions, assimilations and dissimilations.

Transitivity and Discourse in Chamorro Narratives

The sequence is a platform for contributions of all types to this speedily constructing box. common difficulties are studied from the point of view of person languages, language households, language teams, or language samples. Conclusions are the results of a deepened learn of empirical info. precise emphasis is given to little-known languages, whose research may perhaps shed new gentle on long-standing difficulties regularly linguistics.

Extra info for A concise grammar of Polish

Example text

Masculine nouns. Masc. I: Basic type: masculine nouns with -Ø ending in nominative singular. g. chłop ‘peasant’. Masc. II: Secondary type: masculine nouns with the nominative singular ending in a vowel (either -a or rarely -o). g. turysta ‘tourist’. B. Feminine nouns. Fem. I: Basic type: feminine nouns with the nominative singular ending in a vowel (-a or exceptionally -i). g. ryba ‘fish’. Fem. II: Secondary type: feminine nouns with a zero-ending (-Ø) in the nominative singular. The preceding consonant is always of the soft type (including both historical and synchronic softs).

Examples follow, with morphemes separated due to the complexity of these alternations: Prefixal Vowel Alternant Before C/C Root Prefixal Zero Alternant Before C/V/C Root od/e/-b/r-a-ć 'select' roz/e-r/w-a-ć 'tear up' z/e/-p/r-a-ć 'wash out' z/e/-p/ch-ną-ć 'push down' w/e/s-t/ch-ną-ć 'sigh' od-bi/e/r-a-ć (od/-bi/er-aj-ą) roz-r/y/w-a-ć (roz/-r/y/w-aj-ą) s/-pi/e/r-a-ć (s/-pi/e/r-aj-ą) s/-p/y/ch-a-ć (s/-p/y/ch-aj-ą) w/z-d/y/ch-a-ć (w/z-dych-aj-ą) 37 It might be noted that this alternation may be considered either inflectional or derivational, depending on whether the perfective and imperfective forms are considered the same or different lexical items.

Danie ‘food course’/zdjęcie ‘photograph’ N A G L D I V Sing. -e = Nsg. -a -u = Lsg. -em = Nsg. Plur. -a = Npl. -Ø -ach -om -ami = Npl. N A G L D I V Singular danie/zdjęcie = Nsg. dania/słowa daniu/zdjęciu = Lsg. daniem/zdjęciem = Nsg. Plural dania/zdjęcia = Npl. dań/zdjęć daniach/zdjęciach daniom/zdjęciom daniami/zdjęciami = Npl. Lexical neuter exceptions One of the major neuter exceptions to the above pattern includes nouns which have the genitive plural -y/-i ending, instead of zero. It tends to occur in derived neuters, particularly those which have an obviously recognizable prefix and a soft stem-final, such as narzędzie ‘tool’, przedpole ‘foreground’.

Download PDF sample

A concise grammar of Polish by Oscar Swan

by Mark

Rated 4.96 of 5 – based on 25 votes