By Harry A. Hoffner
Read or Download A grammar of the Hittite language: Reference grammar PDF
Similar foreign languages books
This monograph offers an experimental and theoretical inquiry into the position of sentential shape and edition within the prosodic constitution of Catalan. The empirical part examines intonational phraseology throughout sentence varieties, together with SVO buildings with both nominal or sentential items and buildings related to clitic left- and right-dislocations.
Carrying on with with Russian is an intermediate-advanced textbook for college kids who've been via a full-sized basic textual content and feature been uncovered to the extra simple morphological styles and a first-year vocabulary. moreover, the amount and variety of grammatical info contained in its twenty-five classes, the great Russian and English be aware references within the common Vocabulary, and the Index should still make it a very good reference ebook in the course of and lengthy after any Russian direction within which it's used.
This quantity can be of serious curiosity to phoneticians, phonologists, and either historic and cognitive linguists. utilizing facts from the Romance languages for the main half, the ebook explores the phonetic motivation of a number of sound adjustments, e. g. , waft insertions and elisions, vowel and consonant insertions, elisions, assimilations and dissimilations.
The sequence is a platform for contributions of all types to this swiftly constructing box. normal difficulties are studied from the point of view of person languages, language households, language teams, or language samples. Conclusions are the results of a deepened examine of empirical facts. designated emphasis is given to little-known languages, whose research may perhaps shed new mild on long-standing difficulties commonly linguistics.
Extra info for A grammar of the Hittite language: Reference grammar
1 The cuneiform (from the Latin word for ‘wedge-shaped’) system derives ultimately from Southern Mesopotamia, present-day Iraq, where it was devised by the Sumerians for writing their own language and adapted centuries later for writing Akkadian, a Semitic language. 2 During the earliest phase of their kingdom’s history, the Old Hittite period, oﬃcials used this hieroglyphic script to inscribe stamp and cylinder seals. Much later, during the so-called New Hittite (or Empire) period, kings began to use this system for carving royal inscriptions on rock faces or stelae.
11). , pár-aḫ-ta represents /parhta/. In some cases, however, evidence shows that a CVC-VC spelling is merely shorthand for CV-CV-VC: LÚḫi-ip-pár-aš or ḫu(-u)-up-pár-aš alongside ḫu-up-pa-ra-aš. A second type consists of cases where it appears that the scribe has simpliﬁed a VC-CV sequence (with identical C) by omitting the CV sign. These cases are not examples of scribal errors, but a system of scribal shorthand used mostly15 in post-OH. 32 iii 29, 30), *šu-pí-in, or *šu-pí-ya-aḫ. Both types would be abbreviated writings.
100). Such hybrid writings are few in number, even if those few words occur frequently. 39. Some Sumerograms preﬁxed (much less commonly suﬃxed) to nouns are determinatives. 51 (p. 40. , URUNerik ‘the city Nerik’, ḫaraš MUŠEN ‘eagle’). , ‘man of the spear’) (not LÚ ‘spear belonging to the male class’). In the last two cases the virtually consistent retention of the Akkadian genitive ending - on the second noun betrays its function in Akkadian as a genitive. 41. Proper names regularly bear determinatives.
A grammar of the Hittite language: Reference grammar by Harry A. Hoffner