By Mircea Eliade
This quantity completes the immensely realized three-volume A historical past of non secular principles. Eliade examines the flow of Jewish idea out of old Eurasia, the Christian transformation of the Mediterranean region and Europe, and the increase and diffusion of Islam from nearly the 6th during the 17th centuries. Eliade's colossal wisdom of previous and current scholarship presents a synthesis that's unprecedented. as well as reviewing contemporary interpretations of the person traditions, he explores the interactions of the 3 religions and indicates their carrying on with mutual impact to be refined yet unmistakable.
As in his prior paintings, Eliade will pay specific cognizance to heresies, people ideals, and cults of mystery knowledge, equivalent to alchemy and sorcery, and keeps the dialogue, all started in previous volumes, of pre-Christian shamanistic practices in northern Europe and the syncretistic culture of Tibetan Buddhism. those subcultures, he keeps, are as very important because the better-known orthodoxies to an entire realizing of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
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Additional info for A History of Religious Ideas: From Muhammad to the Age of Reforms
27,23). Despite the variety of subject matter which he took up, and despite his considerable erudition, Augustine is obsessed solely with those two events which for a Christian like himself began and oriented history: the sin of Adam and the redemption of man by Christ. He rejects theories of the eternity of the world and the eternal return, but goes to no trouble to refute them. The world has been created by God and will have an end, since time is linear and finite. After the original fall, the only important new event has been the Incarnation.
It confirms the survival of archaic conceptions in certain rural European societies at least up to the beginning of the twentieth century. 249. The religion of the Baits Of the three Baltic peoples-the Lithuanians, the Letts, and the Old Prussians (or Pruthenes)-the last were decimated in a long war of conversion and conquest by the Teutonic knights, and ended up being absorbed into the mass of German settlers. The Letts and the Lithuanians were equally subjugated by the Germans and, at least nominally, converted to Christianity in the fourteenth century.
62. The passages are translated by Bruckner, Mitologia Slava. pp. 242-243, and Die Slawen, pp. 16-17. Slavic paganism 31 that he threw at wicked spirits. One Germanic tribe identified Perun as Thor. 63 The oak was consecrated to him, as to the other thunder gods of pre-Christian Europe. According to the Byzantine historian Procopius, cocks were sacrificed to him and, on the occasion of the great festivals, bulls, bears, or goats . In Christian folklore, Perun has been replaced by St. Elijah, imagined as an old man with a white beard, traversing the Heavens in his fiery chariot.
A History of Religious Ideas: From Muhammad to the Age of Reforms by Mircea Eliade