By D.W. Sims, Alan J. Southward
Advances in Marine Biology was once first released in 1963. Now edited via A.J. Southward (Marine organic organization, UK), P.A. Tyler (Southampton Oceanography organization, UK), C.M. younger (Harbor department Oceanographic establishment, united states) and L.A. Fuiman (University of Texas, USA), the serial publishes in-depth and up to date studies on a variety of issues in order to entice postgraduates and researchers in marine biology, fisheries technological know-how, ecology, zoology, oceanography. Eclectic volumes within the sequence are supplemented via thematic volumes on such subject matters because the Biology of Calanoid Copepods. * comprises over 25 tables and 34 illustrations * Covers such issues as reef fishes, crustacea within the arctic and antarctic, fisheries within the Northeast Atlantic, and extra * four stories authored through specialists of their suitable fields of analysis
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Extra info for Advances in Marine Biology, Vol. 51
This was a priority, as at the beginning of the fishery some vessels lacked onboard mechanical processing and the catch had to be stored for several days (Anonymous, 1988; Larsen, 1991). The eVect of dredging on the benthic communities was also investigated. No changes were detected in Jan Mayen after the closure of the fishery, apart from an increase in Ophiura robusta. In the Svalbard area, although the dominant species were the same in 1987 and 1988, the number of species and diversity decreased after dredging started.
There are no quotas for the fishing grounds discovered after 1995, but the Greenland Institute of Natural Resources advises a total catch of 2000 tonnes for all West Greenland. This figure is based on landings during the last 10–15 yr and the stability of catches (Engelstoft, personal communication), and it seems to be appropriate, as there have been no major fluctuations in overall annual landings (Table 3). 4. Research There are old records of scallop beds found in West Greenland, dating from the end of the nineteenth century, as cited in Posselt (1898) and Jensen (1912).
FISHERY FOR ICELAND SCALLOP IN THE NORTHEAST ATLANTIC 37 Figure 17 Svalbard and Bjørnøya, showing the areas surveyed, marked with Roman numerals, and the spatial division used by the Directorate of Fisheries, in Arabic numbers. The scallop beds surveyed in 1986 are shaded in grey. ) Besides, these beds seemed to be self-recruiting, meaning that recovery time would be very long (Anonymous, 1992). Nevertheless, commercial and experimental dredging continued until 1995, mostly in Bjørnøya and MoVen.
Advances in Marine Biology, Vol. 51 by D.W. Sims, Alan J. Southward