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By Sabatino Moscati, Wolfram Von Soden, Anton Spitaler, Professor Emeritus of Semitic Languages and of Ethiopian Studies Edward Ullendorff

An advent to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages

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Extra resources for An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages: Phonology and Morphology (Porta Linguarum Orientalium)

Example text

Sem. *sams "sun" > Ar. *sams (n > sams, cf. Akk. samsu, Ug. sps. 11. g. *wawaqi "ounces" > 'awaqi (regressive and at distance). 12. g. Ar. *madiniy "Medinese" > madaniy > madaniy (qualitative and quantitative). g. Heb. *l}u§on "external" > l}i§on (qualitative); Syr. 8'dlemon for Heb. 8'dlomo "Solomon" (qualitative). 13. g. Ar. wuguh "faces" > 'uguh (regressive and contiguous); Eth. *z'druw "sown" > Z'dr'dW (regressive and contiguous), though in the Ethiopian example other factors may be at work as well.

C. Amorite shows the preservation of aw as well as the developments am and a; for ay we find a and eli. The Egyptian transcriptions of Semitic names attest sometimes to the loss and sometimes to the retention of the semivowel element: perhaps they reflect a stage in the course of actual evolution. The reduction is shown to be complete in the Tell Amarna glosses and in Ugaritic where we encounter the result of the changes aw > 0, ay > e (cf. 76). Before y (as in Akkadian) ay does not seem to be reduced in Ugaritic (Gordon, UM, p.

Nn; Ar. sinn "tooth" , Eth. s~n) in conformity with some general relationship which, in many instances in Semitic, seems to exist between these two vowels in opposition to a. For reasons of etymological correspondence, paramount in a comparative grammar, Phonology The Phonological System the present treatise will use the following transliterations (in the same order in which the Ethiopic vowels appear in the preceding paragraph) : extension (through anaptyxis) might have occurred as in Hebrew 54 a i As regards the sixth vowel, the transliteration 'J is not free from ambiguity, for though this vowel may correspond to the sound of 8'Jwa mobile of other languages, it is a stable vowel which may even be long (Ullendorff, SLE, p.

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An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages: Phonology and Morphology (Porta Linguarum Orientalium) by Sabatino Moscati, Wolfram Von Soden, Anton Spitaler, Professor Emeritus of Semitic Languages and of Ethiopian Studies Edward Ullendorff


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