By Richard Schulz PhD, George Maddox PhD, M. Powell Lawton PhD
Makes a speciality of behavioral and pharmacologic interventions for melancholy, remedies of late-life insomnia, habit interventions in nursing houses, interventions for incontinence, and residential amendment interventions. For clinicians and researchers.
Read Online or Download Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 18, 1998: Focus on Interventions Research With Older Adults PDF
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Extra info for Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 18, 1998: Focus on Interventions Research With Older Adults
This is best accomplished with session-by-session outlines containing enough information for the provider to follow each step of the procedures with each participant. Manuals also need to describe the theoretical underpinnings of the technique in sufficient detail so as to give providers the necessary guidance to deduce what interventions should be employed in any given situation. These two elements provide specific methods to be used while allowing providers the freedom necessary to respond to idiosyncratic events in the session without risking violations in the protocol.
Differential dropout or attrition raises questions about the validity of results at post-intervention and followup, because the groups definitely differ in systematic ways. The threat to the internal validity of a study with differential rates of lost participants again stems from decreased likelihood that original random assignment has produced equivalent groups on unknown and unmeasured variables. This likelihood is further reduced, given that the number of participants who chose to end their participation is a known variable which is unevenly distributed.
Eysenck (1994) further argued that the differing relevance of treatment parameters and dependent measures to each intervention approach stem from the different "scientific paradigms" or methods of acquiring and interpreting knowledge underlying each intervention. , psychodynamic and humanistic therapies) in a scientific experiment have no utility, because theoretical links between such philosophically different paradigms are difficult, if not impossible, to make. Perhaps the greatest threat to the internal validity of this design relates to possible differences in the quality with which the interventions are provided.
Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 18, 1998: Focus on Interventions Research With Older Adults by Richard Schulz PhD, George Maddox PhD, M. Powell Lawton PhD