By David Cornell
Few battles resonate via British historical past as strongly as Bannockburn. On June 24, 1314, the Scots below the management of Robert the Bruce by surprise trounced the English, leaving millions useless or wounded. The victory was once one in all Scotland’s maximum, the extra so as the Scottish military used to be outnumbered by way of approximately 3 to 1. The loss to the English, struggling with below Edward II, used to be staggering.
In this groundbreaking account of Bannockburn, David Cornell units the enduring conflict in political and army context and focuses new consciousness at the roles of Robert and Edward within the occasions resulting in the accumulation in their armies. the writer brings the two-day conflict to lifestyles and reassesses either the an important mêlée fought at the moment day and the casualties suffered via the English. choked with colourful element and clean insights, the e-book throws new gentle at the conflict itself, the nature of the English defeat, the influence of that defeat at the process the Anglo-Scottish wars, and the robust impression of the battle’s legacy on English and Scottish nationwide identity.
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Additional resources for Bannockburn: The Triumph of Robert the Bruce
Of the handful of men with a credible claim to the Scottish Crown there were only ever two serious contenders. One was John Balliol, lord of Barnard Castle in County Durham. The other was Robert Bruce, lord of Annandale, grandfather of the victor of Bannockburn and a lord of Scotland whose relentless pursuit of the Crown was to earn him the sobriquet of Robert the Competitor. In 1291, as the Great Cause got underway, the Competitor had reached the remarkable age of eighty-one, yet this did nothing to dampen the fervour with which he fought to obtain the Crown for himself and his heirs.
The English host was to muster on 1 September. In late June, writs of summons were issued by the English Crown to those obliged to provide troops. In an unprecedented move, Edward also issued writs to Balliol, as king of Scotland, to two earls of Scotland and sixteen Scottish barons. This summons to serve the English king overseas went far beyond what the Scots were prepared to accept. The time had come to make a stand. A precious breathing space was provided when the Welsh, having been armed by the English ahead of their participation in the French campaign, broke out in a revolt of such severity that Edward was compelled to postpone the expedition to France.
At stake was not so much a matter of principle but precedent. If Edward’s demands were met, then Scottish law would ultimately be subject to English control, and if the king of England controlled Scottish law then effectively he ruled the kingdom. The appeals of these individuals were the means by which Edward sought to make real the authority over Scotland that was implied in the oaths of fealty. Of the nine appellants, three were English subjects, and the evidence strongly suggests that they were encouraged by Edward himself to submit their appeals.
Bannockburn: The Triumph of Robert the Bruce by David Cornell