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By Marvin Bolt, JoAnn Palmeri, Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard Jarrell, Jordan D. Marché, F. Jamil Ragep

ISBN-10: 0387336281

ISBN-13: 9780387336282

The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers is a distinct and necessary source for historians and astronomers alike. the 2 volumes comprise nearly 1550 biographical sketches on astronomers from antiquity to fashionable instances. it's the collective paintings of approximately four hundred authors edited via a piece of writing board of nine historians and astronomers, and offers extra info at the nature of an access and a few precis information at the content material of entries. This new reference offers biographical info on astronomers and cosmologists by using modern old scholarship. person entries fluctuate from a hundred to 1500 phrases, together with the likes of the superluminaries similar to Newton and Einstein, in addition to lesser-known astronomers like Galileo’s acolyte, Mario Guiducci. A accomplished contributor index is helping researchers to spot the authors of significant medical subject matters and treatises.

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Voltaire, their contemporary, is widely noted for stretching historical narratives from political concerns to science, learning, and the arts. E. Dreyer (1906), continued to entitle chapter headings (and many subsections) with the names of specific individuals. Biography remains an important organizational strategy in the history of astronomy. 62 Johann Christian Poggendorff (1796–1877), Professor at the University of Berlin (1834), served as editor of Annalen der Physik und Chemie (1824–1877) and was a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences (1839).

Sherburne’s Catalogue contains detailed information about a large number of his friends and colleagues, and it remains useful for historians evaluating contemporary issues and reputations. 31 Collective biography came of age in the 17th century. Although writers continued to celebrate political and religious figures, a shift took place with the appearance of works on artists and scholars as well as advocates of the New Science. ) swelled to 68 folio volumes. 32 Toward the end of the century, men of learning again took center stage with the appearance of Charles Perrault’s Les hommes illustres,33 and soon thereafter, J-P Nicéron’s Mémoires pour servir à l’histoire des hommes dans la République des Lettres (1729–1745, Paris).

22 The distinction between biography and history is a modern development. Although both share a common ancestor—and a strong family resemblance—each has a distinct physiognomy. To overstate a difference, biography stems from the belief that history is made by human beings, not by abstract ideas or impersonal forces. Equally overstated, history emphasizes the view that larger themes, trends, and movements account for change. In brief, if biography is a solo instrument, history is an orchestra. The limits of either perspective (assuming such ­distinctions can be sustained) are clear.

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Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers by Marvin Bolt, JoAnn Palmeri, Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard Jarrell, Jordan D. Marché, F. Jamil Ragep

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