By Kenneth L. Bontrager MA RT(R), John Lampignano MEd RT(R) (CT)
This instruction manual contains simple details and utilized elements of radiographic options and publicity elements together with various conversion charts. It encompasses a bankruptcy on descriptions and illustrations of some of the sorts of electronic radiography presently in use. it's also transparent motives with photos of all normally played x-ray tests.
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Additional resources for Bontrager's Handbook of Radiographic Positioning and Techniques
62 2 ❒ AP oblique (medial and lateral) (R) . . . . . . . ❒ AP medial and lateral elbow critique . . . . . . ❒ Lateral elbow (R) . . . . ❒ Lateral elbow critique . . ❒ Trauma axial lateral (Coyle method) (S) . . . Pediatric Upper Limbs ❒ AP (S) . . . . . . . . . 63 ❒ Lateral (S) . . . . . . . 64 Upper Limb (Extremity) (R) Routine, (S) Special 21 Upper Limb (Extremity) Technical Factors 2 Upper Limb (Extremity) The following technical factors are important for all upper limb procedures to maximize image sharpness.
Upper Limb (Extremity) Position • Elbow extended and hand supinated (shield across lap) • Lean laterally as needed for true AP (palpate epicondyles) Fig. 2-44â•‡ CR, ⊥ to humerus. • If elbow cannot be fully extended, take two AP projections as shown (Figs. 2-44 and 2-45) with CR perpendicular to distal humerus on one, and perpendicular to proximal forearm on another. Central Ray:â•‡ CR ⊥, centered to midFig. 2-45â•‡ CR ⊥ to forearm. elbow joint SID:â•‡ 40-44″ (102-113â•¯cm) Collimation:â•‡ Collimate on four sides to area of interest.
Lateral (R) . . . . . . . ❒ Lateral critique . . . . . ❒ PA axial ulnar deviation (15° and Modified Stecher) (S) . . . . . . . ❒ Scaphoid projections (15° and Modified Stecher) critique . . . . . ❒ PA radial deviation (S) . . ❒ PA wrist radial deviation critique . . . . . . . . . ❒ Tangential carpal canal (Gaynor-Hart method) (S) . . . . . . . ❒ Tangential carpal canal critique . . . . . . . . . 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 Forearm ❒ AP (R) . .
Bontrager's Handbook of Radiographic Positioning and Techniques by Kenneth L. Bontrager MA RT(R), John Lampignano MEd RT(R) (CT)