By Jane L. Collins, Victoria Mayer
Either arms Tied reviews the operating negative within the usa, focusing particularly at the relation among welfare and low-wage profits between operating moms. Grounded within the adventure of thirty-three ladies residing in Milwaukee and Racine, Wisconsin, it tells the tale in their fight to stability baby care and wage-earning in poorly paying and infrequently state-funded jobs with rigid schedules—and the moments whilst those jobs failed them they usually became to the nation for added relief. Jane L. Collins and Victoria Mayer the following research the occasions of those girls in mild of the 1996 nationwide own accountability and paintings chance Reconciliation Act and different like-minded reforms—laws that ended the entitlement to welfare for these in desire and supplied an incentive for them to come to paintings. Arguing that this reform got here at a time of gendered swap within the hard work strength and profound shifts within the obligations of relations, organizations, and the country, either palms Tied offers a stark yet poignant portrait of ways welfare reform bothered negative, single-parent households, finally eroding the members’ monetary rights and affecting their skill to take care of themselves and their young children.
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Extra resources for Both Hands Tied: Welfare Reform and the Race to the Bottom in the Low-Wage Labor Market
The area lost many good manufacturing jobs in the 1970s and 1980s. Many service jobs have since emerged, but few o∏er comparable wages and benefits, and most are in the suburbs surrounding Milwaukee and Racine, not the urban core. But one feature is unusual: the 2000 census found Milwaukee to be one ofâ†œ the most segregated urban areas in the country, and this feature has deeply distorted the opportunities for poor black and Latina women to find jobs. The timing ofâ†œ our study is also specific.
But one feature is unusual: the 2000 census found Milwaukee to be one ofâ†œ the most segregated urban areas in the country, and this feature has deeply distorted the opportunities for poor black and Latina women to find jobs. The timing ofâ†œ our study is also specific. As we have seen, the early days ofâ†œ welfare reform coincided with an unprecedented period ofâ†œeconomic growth. 24â•… chapter one All analysts agree that this made it easier for women leaving the rolls to find work and that it kept wages in the lower ranks ofâ†œthe service sector from dropping dramatically in response to the influx ofâ†œ new workers.
Shows that the majority ofâ†œ black men found work in four settings: foundries, meatpacking, tanneries, and construction. Employers assigned them jobs at the lowest rungs in each ofâ†œ these industries. For example, in packinghouses most blacks worked as muckers and slaughterers. They labored in hip boots in the lime pits in tanneries and fed the blast furnaces in the rolling mills that made rails for locomotives. Partly due to lack ofâ†œseniority, partly to discrimination by employers, and partly to the hostility ofâ†œ American Federation ofâ†œ Labor unions, which denied them membership, they clustered in the hardest, dirtiest jobs.
Both Hands Tied: Welfare Reform and the Race to the Bottom in the Low-Wage Labor Market by Jane L. Collins, Victoria Mayer